IONIC and COVALENT Bonding
An _______ is an atom that has a positive or negative charge.
Ionic bonds form between a _______ and a _______ .
Ionic bonds occur when atoms give or take _______ _______ .
Metals _______ valence electrons. They become _______ because they no longer have those electrons.
Nonmetals _______ valence electrons. They become _______ because they now have more electrons.
Positive and negative ions are _______ to each other.
Total # Electrons
# Valence Electrons
# Electrons Gained or Lost
Covalent bonds form between a _______ and a _______ .
Covalent bonds _______ valence electrons.
Vocab Review and Questions
What do we call the electrons in the outermost energy level?
What term refers to an atom that has lost or gained electrons?
What type of bond involves atoms that give or take electrons?
What type of elements make this bond (metals or nonmetals)?
What type of bond involves atoms that share electrons?
What type of elements make this bond (metals, nonmetals…)?